Annaelle Piva is a doctoral candidate at the Université Laval Department of Geography. Her main academic focus is on the dynamics between European civil societies and irregular migrants living in urban areas, particularly in the capital cities of western European countries (Brussels, Paris, Rome). Her key interest lies on the transformative aspect of these relationships, both on the paths of irregular migrants and the intervention mechanisms of civil society. She is also collaborating on a research project of the Université Libre’s Groupe de recherche sur les Relations ethniques, les Migrations et l’Egalité (GERME) laboratory in Brussels, a project that studies the labour participation of recognized refugees and, in particular, the institutional dynamics of integration processes. She is pursuing her doctoral research at Université Laval with the support of the Canada Research Chair in Global Migration Processes.